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Friday, July 29, 2016

Making "Papyrus" Paper From Corn Husks


 I really wish I could show you how to make papyrus paper out of actual papyrus. 
But creating paper from plant fibers (and hey, that's papyrus!) is easy and fun to do, and I can show you that!  We used corn husks.

I share this activity in our Ancient Egypt Activity Kit, (available in our store) but here are the basic instructions for you to follow:


After eating corn one night for dinner, I took the husks from one ear and cut them into one and a half inch slices, end to end.  Then, I let them dry in the sun for a few hours.  They looked like they do in the photo above, curly and very dry.


We put these curly dried pieces into water to flatten them out and help them be flexible.


Next, we got out a clipboard and pinned five husk strips under the clip.  And we began weaving another husk strip in and out, through the original five strips.


We continued to weave husks through, alternating ins and outs.  We pushed them over and far as we could.


Next, we flattened it out as best we could with our hands and used duct tape to hold down all the edges to the clipboard (as it dried).


Several hours later, it was all dry.  Carefully, we removed the duct tape and applied a layer of mod podge to give it a nice uniform surface for writing.  We let that dry too, and then our "Papyrus paper" was ready to be written on.


We pulled out our Heiroglyph Translation page, and some acrylic paints and we went to town.

Although this activity isn't very similar to the actual making of papyrus (which has more to do with pounding and mashing the papyrus fibers and then pressing them into flattened pieces of paper), it will give your kids an opportunity to write on a paper made from plant fibers.  Which is still pretty cool.



If you'd like the real thing, (even made in Egypt!) head over to http://www.elbardy.com/.  You can purchase packets of papyrus papers for very inexpensive.  And wouldn't it be fun to compare the "paper" made from corn husks with real papyrus?

Our Ancient Egypt Activity Kit is available in our store.  If you and your child decide to make your own papyrus, we would love to see pictures in the comments!

#1: Staging an Archeological Dig


#2:  An Inside Archeological Dig


#3  Foraging with Story of the World


#4  Operating an Egyptian Shaduf


#5  Egypt's Ancient Gods Activity


#6  Eat Like an Egyptian


#7  Let's Do Hieroglyphs

Wednesday, July 27, 2016

Let's Do Hieroglyphs


In Chapter 3 of Story of the World, we are introduced to two forms of writing:  using Cuneiform and Papyrus.

We begin with Cuneiform, which was basically writing on clay.  If you wish to keep your cuneiform clay tablets when you are done, you might consider using Sculpey clay that you can purchase at Michaels.  We simply used play-dough.  A plastic knife will work well for the imprinting in the clay.



We offer a Hieroglyph Activity Sheet (above), complete with a Hieroglyph Translator and Stencils in our Ancient Egypt Activity Kit , which you can use for your writing on your "cuneiform" tablets.



Writing on clay can be a little frustrating for the young writer.  So it might be more fun to use the Hieroglyph Translation Sheet in our packet to also attempt hieroglyphic writing on regular paper, too.


My son was unsure at first about his ability to draw the complicated "letters"of the Egyptian alphabet, but he agreed to attempt to write his name and found he could do it, after all.


If drawing the individual letters still seems a bit intimidating, we also offer stencils of the Egyptian characters in our Ancient Egypt Activity Kit, that look like this:


Our Ancient Egypt Activity Kit is available in our store. 



If you and your child decide to attempt hieroglyphic writing, we would love to see pictures in the comments!

#1: Staging an Archeological Dig
 

#2:  An Inside Archeological Dig


 #3  Foraging with Story of the World


#4  Operating an Egyptian Shaduf
 

#5  Egypt's Ancient Gods Activity



#6  Eat Like an Egyptian


Friday, July 22, 2016

Eat Like an Egyptian


We don't have a whole lot of recipes from Ancient Egypt.

There's one that was actually written down on a tablet, that we do have a record of (and we'll share that one here).  But what we do know, are the crops the Ancient Egyptians grew, and with this knowledge in hand, we can recreate a pretty fun Egyptian Feast.

Dried figs and melon
What crops do we know for sure?  The Egyptians grew wheat, barley, cucumbers, leeks, garlic, figs, melons, pomegranates and watermelon.  We know the Middle East also offers quantities of dates, olives and honey. Add to this the fish they caught from the Nile, and the dairy they probably enjoyed from their livestock, and you have quite a bit to choose from to create your own feast.   

Broiled fish, olives, cucumbers and beans (we used garbanzo)


We also know some of the herbs that Egyptians would have had access to, so to season our fish, I smoothed olive oil on the surface and then sprinkled it with dill and garlic.  Mmmmmm.  

Hibiscus Tea and broiled fish with olive oil, dill and garlic

In my research for our Egyptian feast, I found the fascinating information that the Pharaohs loved to drink hibiscus tea.  I had never tried hibiscus tea so this was a new one for me, and I have to give the pharaohs credit for their tastes:  Hibiscus tea is delicious!  To be historically accurate, sweeten it with honey.  




We also attempted a flatbread out of whole wheat flour (the Egyptians used Kamut Wheat), that was pretty tasty.  But what about that recipe I mentioned earlier that was actually written down on a clay tablet sometime back in Ancient Egyptian time periods?  Here it is:


For a sweet treat from ancient times, I thought these were pretty dang yummy.  You can find this recipe in several places on the internet, and most give "nuts" as an ingredient.  But I read that the original recipe actually used something called "Tiger nuts", hence the name of the recipe.  I'd never heard of tiger nuts, but apparently they are a small tuber that grows underground and is quite healthy for you.  I searched a bit more and found that, lo and behold, you can buy these little gems off Amazon!



Yep, there they are.  The taste of the tiger nut is reminiscent of a pecan, though slightly sweeter.  But as far as texture goes, they are much harder.  You really need to use your grinders.  

Now you can use pecans in place of the tiger nuts, and if I make them again, that's what I'd do.  We also made them using walnuts, but walnuts have a bitter tinge that change the taste of the final sweet.  Use tiger nuts or pecans, don't use walnuts, that's my best advice.  

I blended our tiger nuts in the blender and added the dates.  (I think the tiger nuts actually damaged my blender, so if you wish to use tiger nuts in your recipe, I recommend letting them soak in water for 24 hours, prior to blending.) 

I cannot imagine trying to chop those tiger nuts by hand.  Those ancient Egyptians were an impressive crew. 



Here's the basic recipe:



                             Tiger Nut Sweets

3/4 c. dates (chopped)
1/3 c. tiger nuts or pecans (chopped)
1/4 tsp cinnamon
1 tsp water

Roll into balls (we made 6)
Roll in honey first
Then roll in ground almonds




 


We made a Recipe page in our Egyptian Activity Kit which includes a Hieroglyph translation page, and the translation reveals this very recipe. 

Don't worry, the Heiroglyph Translation Sheet AND the Answer Key are both included in our Ancient Egypt Activity Kit in our store.



 If you end up doing an Egyptian feast of your own, we would LOVE it if you shared photos of your completed meal.  

https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Ancient-Egypt-Activity-Kit-2661452

If you enjoyed this activity, don't forget to check out our other posts about suggested supplemental activities for Story of the World, Volume 1 here:

Don't forget to check out our other "Story of the World" posts, here:

#1: Staging an Archeological Dig
  http://glimmercat.blogspot.com/2016/06/staging-archaeological-dig.html

#2:  An Inside Archeological Dig
http://glimmercat.blogspot.com/2016/07/an-archeological-dig-when-you-cant-go.html 

 #3  Foraging with Story of the World
http://glimmercat.blogspot.com/2016/07/foraging-with-story-of-world.html

#4  Operating an Egyptian Shaduf
http://glimmercat.blogspot.com/2016/07/operating-egyptian-shaduf.html  

#5  Egypt's Ancient Gods Activity
https://glimmercat.blogspot.com/2016/07/egypts-ancient-gods-activity.html?showComment=1469057519547#c338227866484816755 

Wednesday, July 20, 2016

Egypt's Ancient Gods Activity


Our history curriculum (Story of the World, Volume 1) introduces Ancient Egypt's rather complicated mythology in Chapter 2, with the age old story of how Set kills Osiris.  I didn't wish to delve too deeply into Egypt's ancient religion, but knowing something is necessary because Egypt's religion dominated so much of their lives.

Just flipping through our "Lives of Ancient Egypt" coloring book, you can see that so many facets of their everyday lives were interwoven with their religion.

So, how to introduce Egypt's pantheon of gods and their relationships without making it too tricky?


Well, I decided to create this simplified Family Tree of the gods.  Obviously, there are many more gods than I have depicted here, but these are the more known ones.



My son cut out the rectangles on the right and I led him through the family tree, explaining tidbits about each god as we went.  We began with Amon-Ra and worked our way down from there.



This activity will be included in our Ancient Egypt Activity Kit, NOW available at our store:  https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Ancient-Egypt-Activity-Kit-2661452.  We will be sharing more about the activities in our kit in our upcoming posts.



In the meantime, if you enjoyed this post, don't forget to check out our other "Story of the World" posts, here:

#1: Staging an Archeological Dig
  http://glimmercat.blogspot.com/2016/06/staging-archaeological-dig.html

#2:  An Inside Archeological Dig
http://glimmercat.blogspot.com/2016/07/an-archeological-dig-when-you-cant-go.html 

 #3  Foraging with Story of the World
http://glimmercat.blogspot.com/2016/07/foraging-with-story-of-world.html

#4  Operating an Egyptian Shaduf
http://glimmercat.blogspot.com/2016/07/operating-egyptian-shaduf.html 

Friday, July 15, 2016

Dover Publications GIVEAWAY!


The other day, it arrived in the mail, the box I had been waiting for.  I gulped in anticipation as I looked at the Dover logo on the outside and grabbed my camera as I opened its flaps.  My heart was even thumping.  Because, somewhere out there, one of you is going to get this very same box in the mail!  And that makes me happy.


A few weeks back, I'm doing my own Homeschool research, combing the web for supplemental resources to share with you as we cover "Story of the World, Volume 1 and I come across these amazing books:


Now, they call these "Coloring books", and they are.  But they are much more than that, too.


These beautiful books are filled with detailed images of people living out their everyday lives, and informative text that explains what's going on in the pictures.  My son and I poured over them.


The inside covers have images in color, and the rest of the book is in black and white drawings on smooth, rich paper that feels lovely to touch.


We will be starting with the book called Life in Ancient Egypt, because of course, we have been studying Egypt in Chapter 2 of Story of the World.  But my son also wanted to thumb through some of the other books because they are so beautiful to look over.


Altogether, we have six of these beautiful books from Dover Publications.

By title, they are:



*  Life in Ancient Egypt
  (We'll study Ancient Egypt in SOTW in Chapters 2-4, and the Middle and New Kingdoms in Chapters 12-14 ).

* Life in Ancient Greece 
 (We'll study Ancient Greece in SOTW in Chapters 19, 20, and 22-24)

* Life in Ancient Rome
(We'll study Ancient Rome in SOTW in Chapters 27-29 and 39-42)


* Life in Ancient Mexico
(We'll study the ancient people of the Americas in SOTW in Chapter 26)

*  Fashions from India 
(We'll study Ancient India in Chapters 9, 30 and 31 of SOTW).

*  Brides from Around the World Paper Dolls

(This last, lovely book is not a coloring book, but rather a collection of paper dolls.    It was drawn by the well-known Tom Tierney
and features female dolls from all over the world.  I plan to use it specifically when we cover China, India, and Palestine, but any time you can show children the variety of people and cultures--including through dress--, it adds so much to their understanding of history and the variety in their world today.)


Obviously, my daughter is enthralled already.

















As mentioned, we are going to begin reading through the "Life of Ancient Egypt" book, but I am going to continue to reference these books throughout our series on "Story of the World, Vol. 1", because they are such an excellent additional resource.

Here's a page I colored, to spark my son's excitement.  The detail of the drawings is incredible, and once you've added color, the images nearly leap off the page.

 
Now here's the most exciting thing about this post:  We are offering a Giveaway for a set of these same six books from Dover Publications, that will be so useful as supplements for Story of the World, Volume 1.

This giveaway will be live until 7/22/2016, and I am super excited that someone else is going to get their hands on all these beautiful books, too!  There are three ways to enter.  Share the giveaway on Facebook, follow "glimmercatblog" on Twitter or Tweet a message about the Giveaway to your Twitter followers.   Easy as that.

(This Giveaway is now finished.  Subscribe to our page to keep posted on any future giveaways!)

CONGRATULATIONS to our Giveaway WINNER, Jenni C.! 
 I'm SO excited to get this box of books sent your way!!!



 

Wednesday, July 13, 2016

Operating an Egyptian Shaduf


We have been reading through Story of the World, Volume 1, and we were halfway through Chapter 1
when we encountered information about the Egyptian Shaduf.

 I hadn't heard of this early agricultural machine before, and the picture in the book (though helpful) wasn't quite enough to illustrate the importance of what this machine meant to the early world.

The most helpful illustration (and explanation) was the picture my son is coloring here in the photo at left.

This is an incredibly detailed drawings that you will find in "Life in Ancient Egypt", a coloring book by Dover Publications.


BIG NEWS:  We are going to be offering a Giveaway for this, and five other amazing books by Dover!  Our Giveaway will be ready to go on Friday, July 15, 2016, so make sure you're following to get news of when it goes live!


We decided we would build a shaduf.  This is nothing new, you can do an online search and find many amazing miniature shadufs out there.  Here's an example of some:
Posted by http://www.astonvision.org.uk/year3.htm



Basically, a shaduf is an early farming machine used for applying leverage in order to get water up from a river or well.

The kids who designed these shadufs in the picture at right obviously spent some time attempting authenticity and they have done a superb job.






But of all the shadufs I saw online, this Lego shaduf at left is my favorite.





This little blonde Egyptian is obviously very involved with her household chores and I love her style.  Not everyone would carry water in a sparkly blue evening dress. 









Thus inspired, we decided to build our shaduf out of Legos, too (since we are big on Legos).


We made our basket out of an egg carton cell.

But however your kids make their shaduf, here's a way to enhance the whole experience:  Let them operate it to grow crops!

 Here's what I mean:



The shaduf is on a higher level than the water (We used a stack of books to create height under the tablecloth).  The egg carton lid serves as an irrigation canal.  The plate has something on it.  We called them our crops' seeds.  What are they, really?  Well, let's see:





Those "seeds" are little paper flowers that have been cut and folded up.  When the water reaches them, they naturally just open up and appear to "blossom" before your eyes.  So it helps to hit home what the whole point of the shaduf really was.


If you enjoyed this activity for Ancient Egypt, check out some of our other fun posts (listed below), and don't forget to sign up for our Giveaway (at the end of this week!) so that you can own the same book my boy is coloring in above.

We shared  other exciting Egypt activities in our blog, like:

 The Food Egyptians Ate,  the varied and fascinating Ancient Egyptian Gods
 the Egyptian Writing System (Hieroglyphs)How to Make Papyrus, and even

about Egyptian Clothing Styles.


For setting your history stage, you might also check out

#1: Staging an Archeological Dig 
   
or

#2:  An Inside Archeological Dig


For the above activities, you can download our FREE Archaeology Kit available in our store:

 

 #3  Foraging with Story of the World